AJAR.id – Hello Ajarian! In most eatery situations, whether fine dining or take away, most people will also purchase a beverage to go with their meal. Naturally, bars and cafes primarily focus on the provision of beverages, either alcoholic or non-alcoholic. Meals and snacks are commonly provided to compliment these beverages.
One of the most popular drinks in bars is whiskey.
Whiskey is distilled from grain (barley, rye, maize, cereal) made in either a Continuous or Pot still. Whiskey is produced in many ways with the four main ones being: scotch, Irish, bourbon and rye.
Let’s learn further about the types of whiskey!
1. Scotch Whiskey
There are two distinct types – grain and malt. Blended together they make a third version called ‘blends’ such as the common whiskies Haig, Johnnie Walker and J & B.
The standard blend is 60% grain to 40% malt. Blending can involve up to thirty whiskies of different ages and from various distilleries making a standard blend.
Traditionally only the malt whiskey from the Highlands was true whiskey. Malts are well liked by whiskey connoisseurs who have personal preferences. A malt whiskey is lighter in color and smoother than other whiskey.
2. Grain Whiskey
Scotland’s grain whiskey is made from maize with malted and sometimes un-malted barley. The product is light with no peat flavor.
There is little demand for it to drink straight and it is primarily used for blending.
3. De Luxe Scotch Whiskey
This whiskey is older and mellower with a blend age of seven to twelve years.
4. Malt Whiskey
It is made from malted barley. Malting consists of spreading wetted barley on a warm floor, so the seeds begin to germinate. This converts starch into sugar, also known as maltose. To halt the process it is next dried at a hotter temperature using peat. The peat fumes give the unique flavor.
Popular brands of scotch include:
- Johnnie Walker – red label, blue label, black label, green label and gold label
- The Famous Grouse
- Chivas Regal
- Haig’s Dimple
5. Irish Whiskey
Always spelt with an ‘e’ and is made basically the same as whiskey with some variations. The cereals may not be wholly barley, drying is by coal fire not peat, and stills differ in design. Examples include:
- Tullamore Dew.
6. Bourbon and Rye Whiskies
Bourbon is made in the USA originating in Kentucky. Rye is made in the USA and Canada. Both are produced from grain (mainly maize) distilled in a Continuous still, and aged in charred oak barrels. Bourbon is aged in cold warehouses, Rye in heated rooms. Both are lighter than scotch. Popular brands include:
- Wild Turkey Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey
- Jack Daniel’s Sour Mash Whiskey
- Jim Beam Kentucky Straight Bourbon Whiskey
- Cougar Bourbon.
Read also: How to Make White Wine
Nurturing You to Grow®
Written by: Alan Hickman, Nick Hyland
Subject Matter: Provide advice to patrons on food and beverage services